Career in Environment Science


Waimoku falls trail
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Environment is the source of life in the earth. However, the source of life is itself under threat thanks to rapid economic growth. Water, air, forest, wildlife all have been deeply impacted by the faulty economic growth model.

The good news is the world is taking note of the situation. Every year, under the aegis of the UN, the world leaders meet to discuss ways to contain environment pollution. Many agreements have been signed to set country-specific targets to reduce pollution and protect environment.

Focus has shifted from high economic growth to sustainable development. Climate change, hazardous waste, deforestation, biodiversity, water and noise pollution all these have entered the development and planning discourse.

In India, the rising consciousness about environment is evident at all levels. The centre, the states and the local bodies are pursuing eco-friendly policies. This has opened up huge career opportunities in environment.

To create skilled workforce for environment related sector, the government has given recognition to environment studies as a subject. Now, it is the part of course curriculum, and many universities and colleges are offering courses in environment studies.

Career options

Environmental Science as a career offers immense job opportunities. The word ‘Environmental Science’ incorporates within it several activities for the protection of the environment.

Students with backgrounds in environment studies can have careers in the field of environment law, environment management, environment science, environment engineering and environment journalism. NGOs, too offer employment opportunities in this field.

A career in environment studies calls for a strong interdisciplinary perspective. One can choose from an incredible diversity of career options centered on environmental concerns.

Over the years, study of environment has evolved from being a niche in the field of biology to an interdisciplinary area which encompasses investigation, application, environment laws, management, environment journalism and many more areas.

If you want to pursue a career in environment, you need to complete a formal degree or diploma programme in environment education. Various institutes and colleges offer courses in environment management and science.

Career Prospects

An environment scientist is supposed to have holistic approach towards environment. She/he is expected to understand all the aspects of environment—be it chemical, biological or physical things.

You need to have in-depth knowledge on topics like pollution, energy conservation, climatic changes, plastic menace, biodiversity and global warming.

Environment scientists are employed by different government departments and agencies like Forest and Environment, Pollution Control Boards, Urban planning, Industries, Water resources and Agriculture etc. NGOs and private companies too, offer jobs for environment scientists.

Waste treatment industries, refineries, distilleries, mines, fertilizer plants, food processing industries and textile mills employ environmental scientists. 

Courses and Eligibility

Several institutes and colleges in India, these days offer both Undergraduate and Post-graduate programs in Environ-mental Science. One can go for B.Sc or a B.E degree in Environ-mental Science. The minimum qualification required for this is 12th standard with Science subjects. The course duration is of three years. You can also pursue Post Graduate courses in Environmental Science such as M.Sc in Environmental Science. The duration of this course is two years and the minimum eligibility criterion in this regard is a B.Sc degree in Environmental Science or any other related science subject. Some institutes also offer a 2-year M.Tech program in Environmental Science, for which B.Tech or B.E candidates are only eligible.

Pay Package

Pay packages vary from Rs 15,000 to Rs 30,000 depending on your degree and work experience. Aspirants, with a postgraduate degree can earn salary between Rs 35000 – Rs 50000. A person with PhD on the other hand has lots of scope in teaching or consultancy and can earn R 50000 – R 75000 a month.

Courses in Environment Management

Environmental management course deals with designing and implementing regulations and policies to make the environment more comfortable and friendly.

Nowadays, government-run as well as private companies have to comply with various rules and regulations regarding environment. Before setting up a project, a company needs to get environment clearance certificate from the government. Companies growth and expansion plan depends on various environment related issues. This explains why graduates in environment managements are in great demand.

Environmental managers handle managerial functions overlooking various environmental aspects affecting organisations in their developmental project. They integrate specialist knowledge of environmental management into a business context.

Some of the specialized fields studied under environmental management are:

  • Environmental Studies
  • Water Resource Management
  • Climate Science and Policy
  • Natural Resources Management


Some Environmental Science Institutes/Universities


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